Diagnostic Manual-Intellectual Disability (DM-ID) 2: A Textbook of Diagnosis

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Robert J. Fletcher, DSW, ACSW, NADD-CC, Chief Editor
Jarrett Barnhill, MD, DLFAPA, FAACAP
Sally-Ann Cooper, MD, FRCPsych

Improved outcomes for individuals with co-occurring intellectual/developmental disability (IDD) and mental illness depends upon effective psychiatric treatment. Effective treatment requires an accurate psychiatric diagnosis. Obtaining that accurate diagnosis for individuals with IDD has been, and remains, very challenging. This book was written to address this challenge.

More than 100 experts from around the world have now updated the DM-ID to accompany the DSM-5. The DM-ID-2 was developed to facilitate an accurate psychiatric diagnosis in persons who have intellectual disabilities and to provide a thorough discussion of the issues involved in reaching an accurate diagnosis.

The DM-ID-2 provides state-of-the-art information concerning mental disorders in persons with intellectual disabilities. Grounded in evidence based methods and supported by the expert-consensus model, DM-ID-2 offers a broad examination of the issues involved in applying diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders to persons with intellectual disabilities. The DM-ID-2 is an essential resource for every clinician who works with individuals with a dual diagnosis (IDD/MI).

Table of Contents


Work Groups    

Cautionary Statement    


CHAPTER 1 – An Introduction to the DM-ID-2    

Robert J. Fletcher, Jarrett Barnhill, and Sally-Ann Cooper


CHAPTER 2 – Assessment and Diagnostic Procedure    

Anne Desnoyers Hurley, Andrew Levitas, James K. Luiselli,

Steve Moss, Elspeth A. Bradley, and Nicola Bailey


CHAPTER 3 – Behavioral Phenotypes and Neurodevelopmental Disorders    

Andrew Levitas, Brenda Finucane, Elliott W. Simon, Elisabeth Dykens,

and Wendy R. Kates


CHAPTER 4 – Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)    

Marc J. Tassé, Marco O. Bertelli, Elliot W. Simon, Wendy R. Kates,

and Patricia Navas


CHAPTER 5 – Communication Disorders    

Jarrett Barnhill, Lee K. McLean, Billy T. Ogletree, Johanna R. Price,

and Linda Watson


CHAPTER 6 – Autism Spectrum Disorders    

Terrence C. Bethea, Jean A. Frazier, E. Richard Blumberg, Marco O. Bertelli,

Andrew C. Stanfield, and Lauren R. Charlot


CHAPTER 7 – Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder    

Jessica A. Hellings, Angela M. Reiersen, Alice R. Mao, L. Eugene Arnold,

Deborah A. Pearson, Michael G. Aman, Benjamin L. Handen, and

Jennifer L. McLaren


CHAPTER 8 – Specific Learning Disorders    

Susan M. Havercamp, Andrea N. Witwer, Sujeet S. Jaydeokar, Jane McCarthy


CHAPTER 9 – Motor Disorders    

Jarrett Barnhill, Brianna Cheyne, Heidi, Diepstra, and Elspeth A. Bradley


CHAPTER 10 – Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders    

Angela Hassiotis, Mark H. Fleisher, Lucy Fodor-Wynne, and

Anne Desnoyers Hurley


CHAPTER 11 – Bipolar and Related Disorders    

Robert J. Pary, Lauren R. Charlot, Sherm Fox, Jessica A. Hellings,

and Anne Desnoyers Hurley


CHAPTER 12 – Depressive Disorders    

Lauren R. Charlot, Marc Tassé, Sherm Fox, Robert J. Pary, Betsey A. Benson,

and Angela Hassiotis


CHAPTER 13 – Anxiety Disorders    

Sherva Elizabeth  Cooray, Tim Andrews, Nicola M. Bailey, John Devapriam,

Jennifer L. McLaren, Kiran N. Purandare, Sujeet S.Jaydeokar, Marc J. Tassé,

and Anusha Wijeratne


CHAPTER 14 – Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders    

Julie P. Gentile, Mark H. Fleisher, Betsey A. Benson, Paulette Marie Gillig,

and Allison E. Cowan


CHAPTER 15 – Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders    

Jane McCarthy, Roberto A. Blanco, Valerie L. Gaus, Nancy J. Razza,

and Daniel J. Tomasulo


CHAPTER 16 – Dissociative Disorders    

Alya Reeve, Tim Andrews, Eve Loren Wedeen, and Dora Wang


CHAPTER 17 – Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders    

Marco O. Bertelli, Bruce J. Tonge, and Avril Brereton


CHAPTER 18 – Feeding and Eating Disorders    

Nellieke de Koning, Frank Moreland, Julie P. Gentile, and Pieter Troost


CHAPTER 19 – Elimination Disorders    

Stephen L. Ruedrich, Edwin J. Mikkelsen, Kristin L. Kaelber, and Sarah M. Lytle


CHAPTER 20 – Sleep Wake Disorders    

Jarrett Barnhill, Takahiro Soda, Ann Poindexter, Jill A. Hollway,

and Terrance C. Behtea


CHAPTER 21 – Sexual Dysfunction 

Georgina Parkes, Peter E. Langdon, Claire Reynolds, and Daniel Wilson


CHAPTER 22Gender Dysphoria

Georgina Parkes, James Barratt, Nigel Beail, Sonika Bhasin,

Walter Pierre Bouman, Annelou L.C., de Vries, and Daniel Wilson


CHAPTER 23 – Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders

Shoumitro Deb, Terrence C. Bethea, Susan M. Havercamp, Arthur Rifkin,

and Lisa Underwood


CHAPTER 24 – Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders  

Edwin J. Mikkelsen, Joanne E.L. VanDerNagel, and William R. Lindsay


CHAPTER 25 – Neurocognitive Disorders

André Strydom, Mark H. Fleisher, Shoumitro Deb, Howard Ring,

Lucille Esralew, Karen Dodd, Tamara al Janabi, Julian Trollor,

and Sarah L. Whitwham


CHAPTER 26 – Personality Disorders

William R. Lindsay, Lawrence A. Dana, Regi T. Alexander, Dorothy M. Griffiths,

and Steve Wilkinson


CHAPTER 27 – Paraphilia 

Dorothy M. Griffith, J. Paul Fedoroff, Deborah A. Richards, and

William R.Lindsay


APPENDIX – Alphabetical Listing of DSM-5 Diagnoses with ICD-10-CM Codes